The History of Pre-Cinema and Cinema

Pre-Cinema is a long period of experiments tied to the projection of images and illusory movement. The Magic Lantern, the closest ancestor of the cinematographic spectacle, was created during the 17th Century thanks to its inventors Father Athanasius Kircher, the mathematician, astronomer and physicist Christiaan Huygens, and the optician Don Matteo Campani. The Magic Lantern projected images painted on glass and illuminated by a candle inside a closed box through a hole and a lens onto a wall in a dark room. With the arrival of the photograph, study began on how to reproduce movement in consecutive snaps and how to project photographs in succession, in order to create the illusion of movement. The cinematographic film was invented by George Eastman in 1885 and the Cinema, intended as the projection in a room of a printed film in front of a paying audience, first appeared on 28 December 1895, thanks to an invention of brothers Louis and Auguste Lumire, who showed an apparatus patented by them and Cinmatographe. In 1900 the Lumire brothers granted the exploitation rights of their invention to Charles Path, owner of a factory that produced phonographs and films for Kinetoscopes. In this manner the cinema spread throughout Europe and then to the rest of the world.